- Tram Ho
Rise of “empire”
Referring to Microsoft, must start with Bill Gates, who is still considered the “billionaire dropout” most successful in the world. In 1975, Bill Gates left Harvard University at the age of 19 and sold BASIC with his best friend Paul Allen. BASIC is a programming language designed for the beginners.
After that, Bill Gates and Paul Allen moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico and founded Microsoft (April 4, 1975) in a local hotel room, at first, the company continued to develop its main business by modifications to the BASIC program.
In the 1980s, IBM chose Microsoft to write critical operating system software for its new personal computers – which became a major turning point in Microsoft’s development.
But due to time constraints and complicated procedures at the time, Microsoft bought the rights to Tim Patterson’s operating system for $ 50,000, then rewritten it as MS-DOS. This is a single-user single-task operating system, such as Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows Me all based on DOS.
With the success of IBM computers, MS-DOS became the standard operating system for PCs in the 1980s. By 1995, at the age of 39, Gates became the richest man in the world with a net worth of 12, 9 billion USD. Microsoft’s sales revenue was $ 5.9 billion that year, with 17,801 employees.
From 1995 to 2007, Gates was on top of Forbes’ richest person ranking for 13 consecutive years.
Windows operating system: A masterpiece through the century
On 10/11/1983, Windows operating system officially launched to users. This is an improved version of the MS-DOS operating system and provides a graphical user interface. Microsoft Windows 1.0 was officially released in 1985, ending the command line era of the Microsoft operating system.
Unlike Windows, MS-DOS works by using commands and the system runs programs according to user-entered commands. Meanwhile, Windows 1.0 allows users to point and click to access Windows instead of typing MS-DOS commands. However, it was not until Windows 3.0 that it became popular.
It was late 1989, and Microsoft spent a lot of effort perfecting a version of Windows that focused on the user interface. As Microsoft said at the time: This is an interesting product!
After more than two decades of development, Microsoft has released Windows 10 operating system on July 29, 2015 and remains “the latest version” to the present time.
Closing the era of “a king without a throne”
In 2000, Bill Gates handed the CEO position to Steve Ballmer (Microsoft President in 2008), who was responsible for running the company and the days of Microsoft’s “catastrophic failures” officially began.
In fact, in 13 years in charge, Ballmer has led Microsoft to achieve outstanding results with the number of employees tripled, annual revenue quadrupled, and annual profits 10 times higher. times. As Microsoft’s second CEO, however, Ballmer received a lot of criticism and was even held accountable for Microsoft’s failures at this stage.
In which, it can be mentioned that Windows Phone is strangled by iOS and Android or Windows 8 often has errors and cloud computing segment “goes into a dead end”. In return, under Ballmer, Microsoft became more and more expansive and began to squeeze into all aspects of the software industry in an “invincible” way.
Windows market share in the PC operating system exceeds 90%, and the overwhelming influence on its partners has made Microsoft a target of criticism in antitrust battles.
In 2014, a 46-year-old Indian, Satya Nadella officially took over as the third CEO of Microsoft. At that time, Microsoft was like an afternoon giant, unable to keep up with the pace of the times, but Nadella was one hand driving the revival of the “empire”.
Nadella not only changed Microsoft’s business strategy, but also reformed the corporate culture and the way the company’s employees thought. Over the next five years, Nadella led Microsoft to find its way back to the grandeur, and so far, Microsoft’s market value reaches $ 1.83 trillion.
Microsoft is back in its heyday, led by Satya Nadella.
|At that time, Microsoft canceled the Nokia mobile phone business acquired by former CEO Ballmer for $ 7.2 billion, and announced the biggest layoff in history. The number of layoffs accounts for 14% of the company’s total of more than 120,000 global employees.|
All of these trade-offs are aimed at focusing on cloud services. Under Nadella’s leadership, Microsoft cut the Windows division budget and set up a giant cloud business – Microsoft Azure.
Currently, Microsoft’s Azure cloud platform has won the favor of many large enterprise customers with 214 million subscribers. In the eyes of Microsoft employees, Nadella’s transformation of corporate culture contributed to the company’s revival.
In his 2017 book Hit Refresh, Nadella frankly affirmed that transforming his business strategy was not his top priority as the CEO of Microsoft. The CEO is the CEO, but for Nadella, it’s even more so as the CEO of Culture. He inspired the Microsoft employees to be “all-learners”.
From Windows to the cloud, Nadella has transformed Microsoft’s chariot vehicle and has achieved a market value of trillion dollars at present. With the 46-year-old journey, “empire” Microsoft once again revived.
Source : Genk