Scientists are about to create a new intelligent mind from human brain cells: Breaking new boundaries that no one can imagine the future will be like.

Tram Ho

When AI (artificial intelligence) technology is still being researched, developed and caused a lot of global debate, a large group of scientists from all over the world gathered at John Hopkins University, Maryland, America has begun to set its sights on creating much more advanced intelligence, drawn from our own brain cells.

A new study published February 28 in the medical journal Frontiers details a plan to create an intelligence that could be a “new frontier” for humanity’s endless possibilities. That is OI (organoid intelligence – roughly translated: organic intelligence). The article detailed how this latest pioneering brain-machine technology works and the roadmap for making it a reality.

Các nhà khoa học sắp tạo trí tuệ thông minh mới từ tế bào não người: Phá vỡ giới hạn mới mà không ai có thể hình dung tương lai sẽ ra sao - Ảnh 1.

Researchers are developing biocomputing using a 3D background of human brain cells and brain-machine interface technology. These organs share aspects of brain structure and function that play a key role in cognitive functions such as learning and memory. They will essentially act as biological hardware for machines and be much more efficient than current computers that run AI programs.

Scientists will grow 3D human brain cells to recreate the parts of our noggin responsible for learning and memory. Their size allows the neurons inside to form significantly more connections than current AI’s standard silicon computer chips. The researchers predict this biological hardware will be connected to AI and machine learning systems like ChatGPT.

“While silicon-based computers are certainly better with numbers, the brain is better at learning,” said study co-author Thomas Hartung. In other words, the episode of implanting a computer chip in our brain in a sci-fi movie could be about to come true.”

“The vision of OI is to use the power of biological systems to advance the fields of life sciences, bioengineering and computer science,” said Lena Smirnova, author of the paper.

If we consider the performance of the human brain in information processing and learning, modeling from human brain cells can produce a system that works much faster and more efficiently than other systems. current computer. The human brain has an incredible capacity to store information: an average noggin can store about 2,500 terabytes, about 1,000 times more than the latest MacBook Air. Not only that, they also use much less energy than silicon.

Các nhà khoa học sắp tạo trí tuệ thông minh mới từ tế bào não người: Phá vỡ giới hạn mới mà không ai có thể hình dung tương lai sẽ ra sao - Ảnh 2.

Humans are reaching the physical limits of silicon computers because it is impossible to pack more transistors into a small chip. But the brain is connected entirely differently. It has about 100 billion neurons linked through more than 1015 connection points and this will be a new way to upgrade machine intelligence even further.

Just like artificial intelligence, there are ethical concerns, and researchers acknowledge that. To ensure that OI develops in a way that is ethically responsive to society, they recommend a careful approach and must go through multiple steps of moderation before being fully operational.

A series of questions have been raised: Can cells experience pain and suffering like humans? Can neurons develop consciousness? Does the donor have any rights and influence?

“A world-leading community of scientists has gathered to develop this technology, which we believe will launch a new era of fast, powerful biocomputing,” the researchers said. and efficient. All ethical issues will be continuously evaluated by groups including scientists, ethologists and the public, as research evolves.

Source: VICE

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