Learn about Switching to UI Automation

Tram Ho

Checklist about UI Automation: What you need to know Before starting testing UI Automation, QA should conduct a feasibility study on automation and prepare a test strategy. The feasibility study confirms whether testing automation can cover the entire application that needs testing. By doing so, the QA team can determine whether UI automation will succeed or not. From here, QA should continue with the automation process by preparing a checklist. A checklist automation outlines the steps you should follow to make your test automation journey successful. Following these steps will ensure a smooth and effective transition from the test phase to the next stage. Here is the standard checklist test automation UI that can be applied in any test project:

  1. Initial discussion meeting The QA team and all stakeholders organize a meeting with automation experts to determine the purpose, plan and requirements for test automation.
  2. Collection requirements The UI automation team collects project requirements based on the architecture and technology used to develop the application. During this phase, test teams determine test knowledge and products at their disposal to determine if external technical support is needed. The requirements listed are used to select an appropriate tool automation. Tool automation makes it easy for team testing to accomplish their testing goals.
  3. List of test cases Test cases provide a better understanding of the structure and logical flow in your interface. They provide a visual description of how an application operates and underlie the scope and strategy of your project.
  4. Defining UI Automation test strategy After listing potential test cases, the QA team identified the best strategies for conducting UI automation testing. This includes the languages ​​and data tests to be used.
  5. Framework development After drafting the automation strategy, the QA team proceeded to develop a basic framework for automation. Frameworks are essential to the success of any testing project and should only be developed after thorough analysis of the application.
  6. Creating Test scripts Team testing uses the test cases outlined in the initial stages to create test scripts.
  7. Execute testing and analysis After completing script development, they are executed in batches. In this step, it is important to analyze the results for feedbacki purposes. Also, check for errors to make sure there are no script checking errors.
  8. Demo and reporting The final step of UI automation involves creating and presenting test reports. This is done after the completion of the test suite to facilitate future stakeholder training. At first changing from test manual to automation seemed difficult. However, by following these elaborate steps, you can easily pass through.

UI Automation Test Tools

The success of test automation largely depends on the choice of tools used. With many tool automation on the market, QA experts should take the time to evaluate the features and capabilities of the tools. This way, choosing a tool that will meet your testing needs and benefit your software development projects in the long run becomes easier. Here are some considerations to make when evaluating UI automation testing tools to make the decision that best suits your organization: Easily create and maintain test scripts, a writing tool and playback is ideal. Easily import large test data to load testing and other complex tests. Easy to run test suite by non-technical users. Support for web, desktop and mobile applications. Support cross-browser testing. Ability to take control panel logs, take screenshots, and record videos when running tests Ability to create visual test reports. Support keywords, data and behavioral tests. Reliable technical support and online support from vendors. Wide language support for developing flexible test scenarios Integrate seamlessly with other tools in the CI / CD pipeline to build or deploy automatically. Good price. Initial training during marching process. Easy to maintain. Easily apply changes to existing scripts. Use AI to optimize automation. Ability to test complex UI components.

Is testing UI Automation enough?

Although UI Automation testing is an essential component of the CI / CD system, this is not the only type of test that can be automated. You can add value and extend your QA process by automating more software tests. Here are some guidelines to help you identify the ideal candidates for test automation: When testing important business paths and other high-risk features When running tests, it is recommended Show multiple times When running tests should be performed after each build or release of the application. Regression tests and smoke tests are good examples When working on test cases that require a long time to run When running performance tests like load tests When running test cases based on data that require the same workflow for different data sets or inputs When running tedious test cases that require large amounts of input data Types of tests you can automate Based on the conditions outlined above, you can automate the The following types of tests: United tests United tests are automatically executed to test an application at the code level. They are designed to test functions, individual methods, and all the modules in your software. United tests are done by developers during the initial testing phase and often cost little to automate. API tests API is an essential component in modern applications. They facilitate communication between different software or web service modules. APIs should be thoroughly tested to verify their performance, functionality, security and compliance. Integration tests Integration tests are performed to verify that different application modules work well together. The main focus here is to verify data communication between the various micro services. For example, you can check if your application can query the database. Functional tests Functional tests are performed to verify if all application functions are working as expected. They focus on the business requirements of the application and are more specific. For example, instead of just checking if an application is connected to a database, you can check if the application receives values ​​from the database according to the application’s requirements. is not. Regression tests Regression tests are performed to verify that changes pushed into the code base do not affect existing features in an application. The purpose is to check that the old code works as it did before the changes were made. How to overcome the UI Automation challenge There are several challenges QA faces when testing UI Automation. Most of these challenges can have a significant impact on the success of your test and development project. The 2017 Global Quality Report identifies the following major challenges that most hinder organizations from achieving desired automation.

Common UI Automation challenges

  1. Finding the right automation tool The market today is filled with tons of commercial and open source automation testing tools. Although these tools are designed to support different types of testing and technology, choosing the right tool to support the application under test becomes a challenge. Therefore, it is important to do enough research before choosing a UI Automation tool. Choosing the right automation tool to meet your technical and business needs will help your testing efforts be more effective.
  2. High level of maintenance due to changing user interface A common development practice in application development is to make continuous changes and improvements to the UI and application logic. This creates a related challenge of adapting test automation to those changes.
  3. Complex development environment Just like in manual UI testing, the ever-increasing combination of devices, operating systems, and other software is a serious challenge when testing UI Automation.
  4. The need for skilled resources There is a common myth that automated user interface testing can be handled by anyone because it involves recording test scripts and recreating them. This is completely wrong. Most automation tools require a significant level of technical expertise and a solid knowledge of the testing framework. Without the necessary technical skills, creating accurate and maintenance test scenarios becomes a top challenge.
  5. Choose the right test approach To test a successful user interface, you must use the right tools and use the correct automation method. This has always been one of the top concerns for test automation engineers. Test teams should think about reducing the effort required to execute and maintain test scripts. It is important for testers to develop an automated solution that detects problems automatically and validates the tests without human intervention. Another thing to consider when selecting an appropriate testing method is the creation of useful inspection data and reports.
  6. High upfront investment Automated testing is important to ensure quality in today’s fast growing. However, while paying a lot for long-term benefits, the cost of conducting test automation in the early stages is often high. Solution: Codeless UI Automation Although the above are not the only challenges found in UI test automation, they are the most common challenges. Therefore, QA teams should find solutions that can overcome these shortcomings to ensure successful test automation projects. Codeless automation tools can help address these challenges by providing a more effective way of testing. This is because they are built to empower testers, including those with little experience with testing. Through codeless UI Automation, you can create test scripts without framing any code. As such, it eliminates the headache of maintaining test scripts whenever a new feature of the function is pushed to the UI. This means that the tester can focus on important testing activities without too much effort to maintain the test suite. Some of the key benefits of codeless UI Automation include: Speed ​​up testing due to intuitive UI workflows Maintaining and managing complex tests more easily thanks to Integrated AI-based self-healing technology easy with other CI tools Lower test maintenance costs Advanced automation range There is no steep learning curve because programming knowledge is not required. Facilitating easier documentation about process changes and creating Test UI Automation reports is a cost-effective and cost-effective way to verify the performance and functionality of your application interface. Although setting up test UI automation and creating the necessary scripts requires a significant effort, in the long run it will streamline your testing cycle. To perform test automation effectively, the organization’s QA team needs the necessary automation expertise. If not, they should consider external advice.
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Source : Viblo