How to design apps for children under the age of 13 (Kids App) to comply with privacy and COPPA 2013 rules

Tram Ho

In this section only focuses on Apps for Mobile (Other parts are ignored)

What is COPPA?

COPPA stands for: Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act was issued in 1998 to enforce regulations related to children’s online privacy. The revised law took effect on July 1, 2013.

COPPA’s main goal is to protect children’s privacy online. COPPA allows parents to control their children’s network information.

When do I have to comply with COPPA?

The rule applies to operators of online commerce and service websites (including mobile apps) directed to children under the age of 13, including data collection and use or sharing of personal information. children’s personnel.

Rules apply to commercial websites and online services (including mobile apps):

Mobile apps that send or receive information online (a networked game, social networking app, or an app that provides behaviorally targeted advertising)

Personal information:

What type of information is considered personal? and how to comply with it? This is very important: COPPA has updated its list of “personal information” that cannot be collected without parental and consent notice to include geolocation information, photos, videos and audio files. Contains a child’s picture or voice. The list includes:

  • Full name
  • Home address.
  • Online contact information such as email / or online accounts …
  • phone number
  • Social Security number
  • Tracking identifiers for real-time user identification (cookie number, an IP address, a processor or device serial number, or a unique device identifier)
  • Pictures, sounds, and videos that contain pictures or voices of children.
  • Geolocation information to identify the address of children using the app. other information about the child or parent that is collected from the child and is combined with one of these identifiers.

Collecting personal information:

You are collecting information if you request, prompt or encourage submission, even if it is optional.

If you are using a 3rd party service, you must also comply with the COPPA regulations, but if you do not know the 3rd party service, delete it from the application immediately. ?

How do I comply with COPPA law?

  1. Post a clear and comprehensive online privacy policy
  2. Provides notification directly to parents and gets parental verifiable consent.
  3. Allows parents to choose to allow the operator to collect and use internally the child’s information, but prohibits the operator from disclosing that information to third parties
  4. Provide parents with access to their child’s personal information to review and / or delete information
  5. Give parents the opportunity to prevent a child’s additional use or online collection of personal information
  6. Maintain the confidentiality, confidentiality, and integrity of the information they collect from children, including by taking reasonable steps to disclose that information only to parties who are able to maintain the confidentiality and confidentiality of that information
  7. Retain personal information collected online from a child only as long as is necessary to fulfill the purpose for which it was collected, and delete it with reasonable measures to protect against access or use. Unauthorized use

App design under COPPA law for iOS & Android

iOS

Apple has changed their App Review Guidelines and asks you to include a privacy policy if your app is directed to children under the age of 13. In their guide, they go on to state a few relevant things:

  • 24.2 App is primarily intended for children under 13 does not contain ads based on collecting children’s behavior and any advertising content appearing in the App must be appropriate for the child.
  • 24.3 App for children under 13: Before linking out of the app or making in-app purchases, you must show the parrent gate – show questions that are with the child’s age can be answered.
  • 24.4 Kid app categories must be created separately: eg apps for children 5 years old or younger; 6-8 years old; 9 – 11 years old.

Parrent Gating (Adult Uncensored)

The main techniques include the following tissue: System: touch the “THING” for “AMOUNT OF TIME”. System: hold for “AMOUNT OF TIME”. System: perform a “MATHEMATICAL OPERATION”.

eg:

See also: https://blog.momswithapps.com/2013/08/20/how-are-kids-app-developers-communicating-to-parents/

Android

Play Store does not apply the same rules as the apple store. Just this single reference:

Age Restrictions. In order to use Google Play you must be 13 years of age or older. If you are between 13 and 18 years of age, you must have your parent or legal guardian’s permission to use Google Play. You must not access Google Play or accept these Terms if you are a person who is either barred or otherwise legally prohibited from receiving or using the Service or any Products under the laws of the country in which you are resident or from which you access or use Google Play.

Source: https://www.iubenda.com/blog/guide-coppa-mobile-apps/

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