If you want to create an effective user interface for a web project, you need to master a variety of challenges: it is important to give the user interface a proper look, but never loss of overall usability. Because of the different devices and browsers available to access content on the web, the selected visual and technical elements must also work on all platforms. Accessibility and a good SEO base are also essential when it comes to front end programming. The following article of Can Tho 89 Web Design will help you clarify many issues,
Why Bootstrap is not always the best solution
In order not to have to start completely from scratch when developing web interfaces, many programmers use user interface frameworks. Many people decide to use Bootstrap, designed by Twitter. Components can be optimized for mobile devices and all current browsers, as well as the fact that they can be easily adapted to your requirements.
While minified CSS and script files that contain only the required Bootstrap components can be downloaded, you will have to deal with this theme more intensively. Frameworks are often used to simplify work and save time, but sometimes that’s not the case. Some developers may simply dislike using UI frameworks in general, which is why it’s a good idea to consider using an alternative to Bootstrap. With so many to choose from, it can be a daunting task.
Best Bootstrap Alternatives
We present you five front-end frameworks that you can use instead of Twitter’s Bootstrap so you can develop a complete and functional user interface. We show you the pros and cons as well as the differences compared to Bootstrap. Plus, you’ll learn about the size of code collections and the type of developer they’re particularly well suited for. You can also find out how well development works with the Bootstrap alternative.
- Scroll bar
- Menu bar and menus
- Media container
- Integrate visibility layers
The ZURB framework clearly outperforms the Twitter solution when it comes to the individuality of the developed user interface. The CSS code below gives access to a compact design that can be easily adjusted to your own requirements. Some classes are directly linked – unlike Bootstrap – without you having to add them first. Another benefit: ZURB offers several courses and personalized support for your user interface project as well as a special version of the framework for designing e-mail newsletters.
If you want to use Foundation to develop your interface, you can download the complete set or separately compiled package from the designed components for free on the official website.
- ✔ Beautiful program code
- ✔ Implemented CSS Classes
- ✔ Support available
- ✘Only some models are available
- ✘ Problems with older (or outdated) versions of Internet Explorer
- ✘ Less support
Yahoo released Pure.CSS in mid-2013, a basic structure for user interface development. It is considered a good Bootstrap alternative but can also be used in conjunction with the Twitter framework. Pure is based on the Scalable and Modular Architecture for CSS (SMACSS), which ensures that repeating elements like tables, buttons or forms are isolated from the underlying design (fonts, layouts, etc.) ) and have their own conventions.
Within the Yahoo framework, each module has a default class name with a ‘pure’ prefix for common design as well as additional class names for specific rules that apply to submodules. In Pure.CSS, you can integrate a form that holds everything and then specify the default class name ‘pure-form’ and the subclass name ‘pure-form-stacked’.
The UI Framework, which can be downloaded in responsive and non-responsive versions, contains the following six modules, approximately 4 KB in size in compressed, compressed (16 KB when unpacked):
- Base (base-min.css): framework base consisting of rules
- Grid (grid-responsive-min.css): flexible, responsive grid system
- Form (form-min.css / form-nr-min.css): form
- Buttons (button-min.css): different buttons
- Tables (table-min.css): table
- Menu (menu-min.css / menu-nr-min.css): menu
Yahoo hosts the framework on its own Free Content Delivery Network (CDN) (Yahoo CDN), so you can integrate it into the < head > section of your project with a simple link. Of course, you can download Pure.CSS and host it yourself. The current link to the CDN as well as the downloads can be found on the official purecss.io website.
- ✔ Minimalist Design
- ✔ Top quality browser compatibility
- ✔ No need for self-storage
- ✘ Very few models available
- ✘ Support no less / Sass
The individual components are classified into the following six areas:
- Globals : type definition based on normalize.css; typography and design basis.
- Components: generic UI elements like buttons, icons, containers, and many more.
- Collections: structural content such as grids, menus, tables, and forms.
- Views: interactive elements such as comment boxes, news feeds, and promotional banners.
- Modules: widgets like drop-down menus, pop-ups, and checkboxes.
For starters, Semantic UI’s naming system is confusing at first and takes a while to get used to. The effort pays off in the end as your web UI’s HTML code is much easier to read than comparable frameworks like Twitter’s Bootstrap, which can certainly benefit in revisions after that.
- ✔ Over 3,000 Semantic CSS Classes
- ✔ Sass support and less
- ✔ Great integration capabilities (React, Ember, Meteor, PHP package manager, Gulp)
- ✘ Very complicated
UIkit is an open source solution for user interface programming. It is developed by Hamburg-based company YOOtheme, which has extensive experience developing web applications as well as themes for WordPress, Joomla and the in-house website builder YOOtheme Pro.
There are over 30 core modules of this Bootstrap alternative, built on top of normalize.css, like the previous examples as well as the Twitter framework. Due to this reason, current internet browsers have no problem rendering UIkit web projects.
Core components are divided into the following six categories:
- Defaults: the basis for normalizing HTML elements on which cross-browser capabilities are implemented, as well as some basic styling precepts.
- Layout: tools for designing user interfaces, for example grid systems, content boxes, and useful CSS classes for repetitive content.
- Navigation: all the elements that help visitors explore your web interface; there are modules for pagination (page numbering) as well as classic navigation bars.
- Element : style for independent content blocks such as tables, lists, and forms.
- Common: elements that you often use in your content, such as buttons, icons, badges, or animations.
Despite the considerable range of functionality, the file sizes of individual components as well as the framework as a whole are surprisingly small. This can be extended by a very detailed documentation, which makes the introduction much easier – even if Bootstrap is one step ahead in terms of theme selection and tutorial coverage. However, UIkit has about 1,500 forks on GitHub, where you can find and download all the modules for the front end framework. The complete package is also available for download from the official website. However, it is not possible to pre-select modules so that you can delete them later in the unzipped folder.
- ✔ Optional additional components for complex web interfaces
- ✔ Sass support and less
- ✔ Theme customization
- ✘Low familiarity
This article is translated from the source: https://www.ionos.com/digitalguide/websites/web-development/bootstrap-alternatives/ . Therefore, to learn more, follow the source of this article to learn more.